NATURA 2000 in BORY TUCHOLSKIE
“The Great Sandur of the Brda River” (PLB220001)
The area of the Natura 2000 program “The Great Sandur of the Brda River”, with the area of 37 106.2 ha, covers with its range north and west part of the Bory Tucholskie forest complex, covering the area of three forestry managements: Rytel, Przymuszewo and Osusznica. It corresponds almost in whole to the Zaborski Landscape Park; additionally it includes also the “Bory Tucholskie” National Park, as well as numerous nature reserves. “The Great Sandur of the Brda River” is characterized by a considerable afforestation, and a strongly developed hydrographic network. There are several dozens of various types of lakes with the Charzykowskie Lake as the biggest of them. The main river is the Brda River and its biggest tributary is the Zbrzyca River. The area is covered mainly by pine forests; the share of deciduous forests is scarce including oak-hornbeams, ols trees and riparian mixed forests. Within the area of “The Great Sandur of the Brda River” the existence of at least 22 species mentioned in Annex I to the “Birds Directive” has been reported. Most important breeding species include the eagle-owl Bubo Bubo, the white-tailed eagle Haliaetus albicilla, the kingfisher Alcedo atthis, the black woodpecker Dryocopus martius as well as the common merganser Mergus merganser and the golden-eye Bucephala clangula. Additionally, the area constitutes an important sanctuary for migrating birds and birds wintering on that area. At the autumn time, one may encounter flocks of cranes Grus grus with as many as thousands of specimens, whereas in winter time one may admire whooper swans Cygnus Cygnus coming from the north and gathering on unfrozen fragments of lakes and rivers. Thanks to the above mentioned, habitats of “The Great Sandur of the Brda River” to a considerable degree have remained their natural character constituting an important birds habitat of a European rank.
Żurawie Grus grus często można spotkać w obszarze Wielki Sandr Brdy na otwartych podmokłych terenach fot. M. Kochanowska
“The Sandur of the Brda River” (PLH220026)